Symptoms of Prostate Cancer

People always dream of having a healthy body even as they get older. However, with all the harmful chemicals, delicious but unhealthy food and every type of pollution people are exposed to every day, it would seem almost impossible. One disease that is common to men is prostate cancer. It usually develops in men when they are in their fifties. The rate of men getting it is gradually increasing each year.

What is Prostate Cancer?
Prostate cancer is a kind of cancer whose development is found in the prostate gland. The growth of many prostate cancers is slow but there are also some whose growth is very aggressive. From the prostate, the cancer cells then spread to the rest of the body, most specifically to the lymph nodes and bones.

Symptoms of Prostate Cancer

What are the Symptoms of Prostate Cancer?
There are many men who get prostate cancer but experience no symptom so they never undergo therapy then eventually die due to other reasons. The symptoms of prostate cancer that could appear to people with prostate cancer vary by their diet and genetics. Nonetheless, here are some symptoms of prostate cancer that some people experience upon acquiring this disease:

  • Erectile Dysfunction Erectile dysfunction is most commonly known as “impotence” or the lack of ability for a man to get or maintain an erection that is considered long enough for a satisfactory sexual intercourse. Here are some treatment options that a patient with this symptom could use to alleviate the effects:
    • Medications that are taken orally like Levitra, Cialis, Stendra, Viagra, and Staxyn
    • Implants for penile
    • Suppository drugs that are taken to take effect during intercourse
    • Using a device for vacuum constriction to force out blood to go to the penis in order to get an erection
    • Medicinal injections to be given to the penis a few moments before sexual intercourse
  • Urinary Incontinence Urinary incontinence is the loss of the ability of a man to control his urination. There are various types of this symptom, which vary with the degree of how severe they are.
    • A few dribble their urine
    • Total leakage
    • Stress incontinence or excretion urine as a person laughs, coughs or sneezes

However, there are some things that could be done to relieve you from this symptom:

      • Doing floor exercises that focus on your pelvic muscles Many doctors choose to begin their treatment with behavioral techniques that develops the ability of men to hold and control their urine. Empowering the muscles with Kegel exercises are done by squeezing upon attempting to hold yourself from urinating in midstream. Biofeedback programs can be combined with this exercise to make the training even better.
      • Receiving support care In this way, modification of treatment like lessening the amount of liquid intake, avoidance of alcohol, spicy foods or caffeine and disabling the habit of drinking any fluid before sleeping, are included. Men will be encouraged to regularly pee and not hold it in or just go when they cannot take it anymore.
      • Taking medications Wide ranges of medicines are available in the market to help in the increase of bladder capacity and decrease the level of how frequently a person urinates. Hopefully, in the future, many more medications would be available to aid in the other forms of leakage.
      • Stimulating the neuron muscles with electricity Neuromuscular electrical stimulation is used to increase the strength and retrain the urinary muscles that are weak and to promote improvement with regards to the control of the bladder. To do this treatment, a probe is placed inside the anus and a current then takes passage in the probe at a level just below the threshold of pain to produce a contraction. The patient will then be told to do some squeezes on their muscle when the current is turned on. The current will then be turned off after the contraction.
      • Delve in to devices, surgeries and injections Many other techniques are available in the medical field to improve the functions of the bladder.
      • Getting a sphincter that is artificially-made Artificial sphincters are made up of three parts: pressure-regulating balloon, cuff that circles the urethra and stops leakage of urine and a pump. Seventy to eight percent of men have been cured or shown great improvement with the use of this patient-controlled device.
      • Using a Bulbourethral sling

A sling is used to compress and suspend the urethra. Synthetic materials or the tissues of the patient were used to make the necessary urethral compression that could control the bladder.

  • Fatigue This symptom is most often taken as tiredness. Tiredness is natural for everybody but fatigue on the other hand is of a higher level than that. With fatigue, you lack the strength and energy that you could for the entire day. It is a symptom that can be relieved by a simple nap. Fatigue can get in the way of you doing the many things that you find enjoyable and can stop you from functioning in a normal state. Fatigue can be pretty annoying but there are some things that you could do to combat it:
    • Assess your own level of energy Do not use all your energy in one go. Keep track of the courses you did the entire day so you would know which activities make you easily tired and which does not. Be wary for signs of fatigue like tired eyes, stiff shoulders, and malaise.
    • Conserve your energy Limit your actions and plan ahead. Set up schedules on what you have to do including your rest. Keep a steady pace without rushing any of your tasks and keep your environment comfortable for you.
    • Maintain good nutrition Vitamin B is said to aid in the reduction of fatigue levels in the body

Prostate CancerMan up but never take your health with nonchalance. If you experience any of the symptoms of prostate cancer, try contacting your doctor to get you checked. Remember, diseases such as prostate cancer can be easily healed when detected in their early stages. Do not wait until it would be too late. Your health should be one of your topmost priorities.

New Cancer Treatments

Cancer or as medically known to be “malignant neoplasm” is a disease with a wide group of kinds that involve the non-regulation of the growth of cells. The cells of people who have cancer grow and divide at an uncontrollable rate which forms malignant tumors that infect body parts that are nearby. There is also a possibility that cancer cells will spread to far places in the body via the bloodstream or the lymphatic system. However, not all the tumors that can be detected in the body are cancerous. These kinds of tumors are called benign tumors. They don’t scatter or infect other tissues.

All in all, there are more than 200 kinds of cancers that are known to affect human beings. Thankfully, modern science and medicine were able to create new cancer treatments for people who are suffering from the said disease.

Cancer TreatmentSurgery
Many people who are suffering from cancer undergo surgeries to remove or repair the tumors that are found in their body. There is one goal in surgery but there are other reasons why people want to get that kind of treatment:

  • Prevention of cancer
    Some people who discover that they have high chances of developing cancer cells may ask their doctors for a recommendation to have that risky organ or tissue removed before the cancer cells take into form.

  • Diagnosis
    This way, doctors could get a sample of the tumor that is inside the body so they could study it with a microscope and find out if it is malignant or benign.

  • Primary Treatment
    Surgery is the best hope for complete treatment for many tumors most especially if the tumor has not spread yet.

Biopsy for Sentinel Lymph Node proceeded with Surgery
A sentinel lymph node biopsy is the treatment that involves the process of removing the sentinel lymph node. This node is the first one that receives lymphatic drainage once a tumor has formed and is most likely going to be the way for them to spread all over the body.

To do this surgery, a blue dye or a radioactive substance is to be placed near the tumor with an injection. The substance then runs inside the lymph ducts until it reaches the lymph nodes. The first node to get the dye is then removed to be studied by a pathologist. If the pathologist detects cancer cells, more lymph nodes are more likely needed to be removed. This process is then followed by surgery to completely remove the tumor.

Chemotherapy
Chemotherapy is a treatment for cancer that involves the use of drugs and medicine. These drugs prohibit the growth of cancer cells by either stopping them from multiplying or by killing them. There are two ways of doing chemotherapy:

  • Systematic chemotherapy
    During this kind of chemotherapy, the medicine is passed to the mouth orally or by injection into a muscle or vein. When the drug infiltrates the bloodstream, it then gets access to the cancer cells all over the body.

  • Regional Chemotherapy
    In regional chemotherapy, drugs are directly infused into the cerebro-spinal fluid. The cerebro-spinal fluid is a body cavity or an organ like the abdomen. The medicine given mainly takes effect on cancer cells that can be found in that area.

The kind of chemotherapy given to a patient would depend on the type of cancer he has and its stage.

New Cancer TreatmentsRadiation Therapy
The use of radiation like high-energy x-rays is vital in radiation therapy. In radiation therapy, cancer cells are killed or stopped from growing by radiation. Radiation therapy has two types: external radiation and internal radiation.

  • External radiation
    This type of radiation therapy makes use of the machine outside the person’s body to deliver radiation to the tumor.

  • Internal radiation
    In internal radiation, radioactive substances are sealed in seeds, catheters, wires, or needles to be placed directly in or at a nearby location of the tumor.

Targeted Therapy
This type of cancer treatment uses substances or other drugs for identifying and attacking cancer cells specifically without bringing harm to the other healthy cells. There are two methods that can be used in targeted therapy: tyrosine kinase inhibitor and monoclonal antibody.

  • Monoclonal antibody
    In this targeted therapy, antibodies that were created from laboratories are used. These antibodies are a type of cell in the immune system that can detect substances in normal or cancer cells. These antibodies attach themselves to those substances and block their growth, kill them and prevent them from scattering. The antibodies used in this therapy are infused in the body to act as carrier to toxins, radioactive materials or drugs to cancer cells. There are three kinds of monoclonal antibodies:

    • Trastuzumab
      This is an antibody that stops the effects of the factor of growth of HER2 protein. HER2 protein sends signals of growth to cancer cells.

    • Pertuzumab
      This antibody may be mixed with chemotherapy and tratstuzumab. This is usually used for people whose cancer cells have already scattered to the other parts of their body.

    • Ado-trastuzumab emtansine
      This antibody is related to an anticancer medicine. People whose cancer cells have been removed but came back again use this treatment.

  • Tyrosine kinase inhibitor
    These inhibitors are drugs that are used in targeted therapy that stops the signals that are needed in the growth of tumors. Tyrosine kinase inhibitors can be used with other drugs that are anticancer to act as adjuvant therapy. There are two kinds of inhibitors: Lapatinib and PARP.

    • Lapatinib
      They are inhibitors that stops the proteins’, like HER2 protein, effects that are inside the cancer cells. They may be used with other medicines to heal people who have shown great progress after the trastuzumab treatment.

    • PARP
      These inhibitors block the repair of DNA that would cause the death of cancer cells. In the meantime, this kind of therapy is also under further research with its efficacy against cancers that are triple-negative.

It is true that prevention is better than cure but most people with their busy lives tend to find out about these sensitive health problems at later stages. Lucky for you though that you are alive in this modern age where new cancer treatments have been developed and is continuously developing. However, they would cost you a lot of money so in the end it is still better if you do a little extra effort to keep your body away from cancer.

 

How Does Radiation Therapy Work

Cancer cells circulate faster and spread quicker compared to the healthy cells we have in our body. Hence, it should be treated immediately to avoid further scatterings. The most famous treatment used mostly to eliminate these cancer cells as early as possible is “radiation therapy”.

Radiation therapy makes use of high dosages of radiation to kill actively dividing, growing, and spreading cells. Radiation works by damaging the DNA inside a cancer cell to totally prevent it from dividing. This therapy primarily is used primarily to kill cancer cells and shrivel tumors.

The Cell Life Cycle

You can never understand how radiation therapy works if you do not basically know how a cell can divide itself, because radiation stops cells from spreading. So here is the life cycle of a cell in exact order:

  • G0 Phase

The cells are still resting on this stage. They are just there circulating in your body but it does not divide and reproduce. This lasts a few hours or even years.

  • G1 Phase

The cells are now getting ready to divide by collecting more proteins. RNA (single strands of DNA) is also made. It lasts 18-30 hours.

  • S Phase

In this phase, the DNA is being copied to produce the same DNA. It lasts 18-20 hours.

  • G2 Phase

The cells are getting ready to split. It lasts 2-10 hours.

  • M Phase

The cells now split into two exactly the same cells. This lasts 30-60 minutes.

Now that you already know the stages a cell undergoes before it divides, you can then easily understand the answer to the question, “How does radiation therapy work?”

How Does Radiation Therapy Work

How does radiation therapy work with the cells?

Radiation works by killing actively dividing cells so knowing the cell life cycle will truly help you understand how does radiation therapy work. Thus, radiation therapy doesn’t work with the cells on the G0 Phase. It can only kill those cells under G1, S, G2, and M Phases. However, the killing of cells might also affect a few of those healthy cells. Fortunately, those healthy cells can recover easily unlike the cancer cells that will thoroughly be killed.

Radiation therapy treatment doesn’t last after a few hours. Hence, it takes days or even months because the cells are not going to die instantly. They are slowly dying.

How is it done?

Before starting the radiotherapy treatment, you need to find authorized and licensed radiographers. To find one, you need to visit the Cancer Treatment Center. The treatment to be given to you is evaluated by the radiographers to make sure that it suites your daily lifestyle for it to be too effective.

The radiographer assigned to you will mark your skin with colored pens to serve as a guide on where you will have your treatment. Thus, a permanent mark is used for it not to be erased. This is to identify the area to be treated on every session.

A radiotherapy treatment is done by letting you lie on a couch until the treatment session ends. Radiotherapy treatment is given using a linear accelerator or superficial x-ray unit whichever is advised and appropriated.

Note: You may be asked to sign a consent form before starting the radiotherapy treatment and it is a must to bring it with you on your first appointment. Before signing the consent form, you must ask your radiographer on how does radiation therapy work for you not to be shocked.

Facts about Radiation Therapy Treatment

You might hear many false facts about radiation therapy so here are the exact facts that you need to know.

  • Radiation therapy is thoroughly painless. You cannot see it nor feel it.

  • This, for sure, will not make you radioactive.

  • A treatment may last up to 1 to 5 sessions per week for 6 weeks.

  • A session may lasts depending on what plan is made for you and what machine is used.

  • You do not need to stay and be admitted in the hospital until the treatment ends as long as you keep on visiting the center regularly. However, there may be instances that you will be advised to stay by your radiographer. Note: follow what the radiographer says so that the treatment will be effective.

  • You may occasionally be asked to take some blood or urine tests. You may also be asked to do x-rays or scans.

  • You can do physical works as long as your radiographer permits you to do so.

  • Even after the treatment, you still need to visit your radiographer for any concerns and if you are required to. This is usual after the first six months.

Radiation Therapy

Treatment Do’s and Don’ts

  • Drink plenty of water as much as possible.

  • Eat a healthy diet.

  • In taking a bath, do not rub the area being treated.

  • Consult your radiographers about the food you may eat. You may sometimes be prohibited to eat spicy or cold foods.

  • Do not expose the treated area to the sun as it has a greater risk to be burned.

  • Do not apply creams or anything related to the affected area.

Therapy side-effects

  • Sickness

This happens occasionally so if you feel like you are being sick, consult a radiographer to help you on what medicines should you take.

  • Tiredness

You may find yourself tired most of the times. It is much better to rest.

  • Diarrhea, Sore throat, Mouth Throat, Hair loss

This depends on what part of you is to be treated.

  • Tender Skin

The treated area may turn red but you do not have to worry about it.

The side effects will usually take place after one or two weeks during your treatment so you need not to worry since these are just usual happenings. It will, however, just leave you a week after you finished your treatment.

After the Treatment

As stated earlier, a radiation therapy treatment will most likely not hurt you in some ways. It is because this treatment is to be delivered with a full plan and executed with the utmost care. However, there is a 5% possibility that some of the side effects that may greatly affect your daily lifestyle and cause you serious damage.

The possibility is too low, but it is still really necessary for you to be updated and it is a must to follow and consult your radiographer most of the times in order for the side effects not to become worst.

Getting to Know the Oncologist Hematologist

When going to a doctor’s office, reading the words oncologist hematologist on the nameplate sounds daunting. One usually just hears the word oncologist when confronted with potential affliction of cancer whereas hematologist is less frequently encountered. To be precise, oncology pertains to the medical study of cancer including:

  • Diagnosis
  • Ethical questions regarding care for cancer patients
  • Follow-ups after successful treatment of patients
  • Hospice and palliative care of terminal patients
  • Screening-related efforts
  • Therapy, which includes chemotherapy, radiotherapy, surgery and/or other modalities

On the other hand, hematology is basically the study of blood including blood-forming organs and blood-related diseases. It can also comprise any of the following that affect blood production and its components including blood cells, hemoglobin, blood proteins, and the mechanism of coagulation:

  • Diagnosis
  • Etiology
  • Prognosis
  • Treatment and prevention

Oncologist Hematologist

What does an oncologist hematologist do?
Now you know what an oncologist and a hematologist does independent of each other. However, if combined together, what does an oncologist hematologist do?

Off the bat, given the definitions above, you know that this type of doctor has something to do with cancer and blood diseases. Specifically, an oncologist hematologist is a physician with special training in the diagnosis, treatment and/or prevention of various forms of both cancer, and blood disease among them include hemophilia, iron-deficiency anemia, leukemia, lymphoma, multiple myelomas, and sickle-cell disease. Sometimes, being an oncologist hematologist leads to expertise in stem cell transplantation to a specialization in pediatric oncology hematology to care for children with related illnesses.

Reasons Why One Should See an Oncologist Hematologist
People normally see an oncologist hematologist for a variety of reasons, among them due to suspected or prior diagnosis of any of the following:

  • Anemia
  • Coagulopathies
  • Erythrocytosis
  • Leukemia
  • Leukocytosis
  • Lymphohistocytic disorders
  • Lymphoma
  • Myeloma
  • Pancytopenia
  • Sickle cell disease
  • Thrombocytopenia
  • Thrombocytosis
  • Von Willebrand disease

Of all the diseases listed above, the most commonly occurring are leukemia, lymphoma, and myeloma.

Leukemia
Leukemia is a type of cancer that starts in the bone marrow – the soft tissues within the bone center where blood cell production is at work. If afflicted with the disease, the bone marrow makes copious amounts of abnormal white blood cells called “blasts”, abnormal because they grow faster than normal and do not stop increasing when they are supposed to at some point. They soon overcome the amount of normal cells, which often leads to conditions like anemia, bleeding, and various infections and sometimes even spreads to the lymph nodes and other organs. Treatment may include several variations of medication and multi-drug chemotherapy as well as radiation therapy and bone marrow transplants.

Lymphoma
Lymphoma is a type of cancer that attacks the lymphatic system or the aggregate parts of the body that flush out excess fluids and produce immune cells. Lymphocytes – a type of white blood cells – are the body’s natural defense against infections and diseases. When these mutate and become abnormal, they become lymphoma cells. If they do not cease multiplying or live longer than they are supposed to, they can collect within the lymph nodes, bone marrow, spleen, blood, and/or other organs, causing severe impairment of the immune system. Sometimes, tumors are found in people affected by lymphoma. Treatment may include chemotherapy, radiotherapy, and even stem cell therapy.

Myeloma
Also known as Kahler’s disease, is a type of cancer that pounce on plasma cells, the type of white blood cells normally responsible for antibody production. When copious amounts of abnormal plasma cells gather within the bone marrow, they can interfere with the production of healthy white blood cells weakening your immune system and making you susceptible to infection. Myeloma is normally diagnosed through a series of blood tests, bone marrow examination, urine analysis, and X-rays. Treatment for the disease involves therapies that fight to reduce the clonal plasma cell population and also include decreasing the signs and symptoms of the illness.

Oncology Hematology

What to Expect at the First Meeting
Usually, during initial meetings with the oncologist hematologist, all medical history and current treatments are evaluated along with the patient’s family history of the affliction. The doctor then proceeds to get to know the patient personally through visits and succeeding consultations and even go through the results of all tests done. A clinical exam may also be performed.

Upon completion of the clinical exam, the oncologist hematologist may pronounce or confirm an earlier diagnosis. Nevertheless, this does not bar further testing including specific blood work, as they will be ordered as necessary.

What to Expect During Treatment
When an oncologist hematologist begins treatment of the blood cancer, the patient’s records are reviewed along with all test results. Once assessment is completed, the next course of action is determined. Common options that may be presented include chemotherapy, radiation, immunotherapy, stem cell transplantation, or a combination of any of these. Sometimes, the oncologist hematologist encourages the patient to participate in clinical trials in order to have access to new and promising methods, treatments, or technologies that address blood cancer conditions.

Treatments Available
As mentioned above, some of the common treatments that may be ordered or suggested by the oncologist hematologist include:

  1. Chemotherapy

Commonly called chemo, this treatment involves the use of one or more of the chemotherapeutic agents. It is given either with curative intent or as part of palliative care. It is normally used along with other cancer treatments like radiotherapy and/or surgery.

  1. Radiation Therapy

Also called radiation oncology or radiotherapy, this includes medical use of ionizing radiation in order to counteract the growth of abnormal cells. Similar to chemotherapy, this type of treatment can also be curative or palliative in nature.

  1. Bone Marrow Transplants

Bone marrow transplantation is also called hematopoietic stem cell transplant. It involves an evaluation of the patient’s bone marrow. This is considered one of the blood cancer treatments that have the highest success rate among patients. While undergoing cancer treatment, high doses of chemotherapy and radiotherapy are administered to the patient. This not only kills all of the cancer cells but also obliterate the healthy cells. Once this series is completed, a healthy supply of stem cells is reintroduced or transplanted in order to spur healthy blood cell production in the body and replace the abnormal ones.

The title oncologist hematologist may sound a little too technical and alarming. However, these health care professionals are the ones who can assist you in treating rare and life-threatening conditions. Knowing them and what they do is going to be all worth it.

Treatments for Cancer – What Are the Various Options Available

Cancer is no longer the feared disease it once was because there are now many treatments available these days. As a matter of facts, patients have quite a few options available as treatments for cancer. The choice of treatment varies according to the type of cancer, how far it has progressed and also the age of the patient.

The most common treatments for cancer include:

Surgery: This is the process whereby the cancerous tumor as well as tissue surrounding it is excised from the body. In fact, most cancers except for those affecting the blood, are first treated surgically. However, this is generally only the first treatment method because it is usually followed up by other treatments. The pain of surgery is generally hidden by anesthesia but it also involves a painful recovery period. Cancer surgery is also sometimes done in order to treat pain.

Treatments For Cancer

Radiation: This treatment involves the use of rays of energy that kill the cells affected by cancer in order to keep the cancer from returning or even to shrink tumors in order to make them easier to remove surgically. This treatment is generally done via a machine that directs the rays into the body. However, this treatment is also done internally with the help of devices implanted into the body. The temporary side effects of this treatment include diarrhea, skin problems, fatigue and nausea. It can also result in loss of fertility.

Chemotherapy: This treatment involves the use of powerful drugs, either individually or in combination, to destroy cancer cells. The medical oncologist who supervises the treatment generally fixes a schedule of treatment to be administered over a specific period of time. This treatment too results in negative side effects such as fatigue, nausea, diarrhea and loss of appetite.

Hormone therapy: This treatment is only used in case of cancers that affect the reproductive organs, breasts or the prostate or thyroid glands. This is a relatively new treatment and it is used to supplement other treatments for cancer. The main effect of hormone therapy is that it prevents the cancer from spreading.

A good cancer specialist will advise the patient about the best combination of treatments for cancer. If an early diagnosis is made and the treatment is started in time then there is a good chance of the disease being beaten. The mindset of the patient also has an important role to play in the outcome of the treatment.

Prostate Cancer Radiation Treatment – Few Things to Understand and Obey

X-ray therapy is the other name given to radiation treatment where increased radiation levels are used to either kill the cancerous growth in the prostate or stop them from dividing and developing further. At the same time, radiation also ensures that the healthy cells are not affected in anyway and they remain intact. There are different types of radiation treatment including both external radiation as well as internal radiation.

Eight to nine weeks is the time period needed for external radiation treatment of about five days every week regularly. The therapist leaves you in the radiation treatment room to begin the session which is monitored continuously through intercom and cameras to be seen and heard as often as possible. Radiation therapist will help you position well and also exit the place once the treatment is successfully done.

The area that needs treatment will be marked by the therapists regularly similar to freckles. Never wash them off or try to remove it any way as it is very important to ensure that you are treated well and fine.

Radiation therapy leaves you dry and weak. Therefore, good nutrition and proper diet is very important to retain and remain healthy always. It greatly helps to fight against this fatal condition leaving you lively and sturdy to move on with your everyday activities. With proper diet you tend to feel happy from within and the energy to combat depression and other emotional disturbances that might pop up. Mostly people feel low and never tend to eat anything making them weak and subside to the illness soon.

09 - 1314902_99313658

Skin exposed to radiation shows up color change being red, a little warm, swollen and can turn to be sensitive as well. There are chances of finding your skin peeling off or becoming tender and light. Lowered perspiration levels in the treatment area as well as loss of hair are commonly seen depending greatly on the dose of radiation received.

Always remember that it is not just you who witness these side effects. It is temporary and observed by everyone which subsides in around six weeks after the treatment terminates. When it comes to prostate cancer radiation treatment, a few other issues are also noticed including erectile dysfunction urinary tract issues like incontinence, bleeding and increased frequency. If you face any issues during or after treatment, feel free to talk to your doctor and determine what the problem is all about and how to solve it easily and for long term.

Rest is very important to reduce fatigue, nausea and vomiting. Always plan your activities so that it is distributed well as and how you can handle the situation. Depend on well balanced meal with lot of nutrition to gain energy to fight cancer and come out of the situation to live a happy life.

Cancer Radiation – How To Deal With The Side Effects

Cancer radiation is a very important treatment because it helps destroy cancer cells that have not been removed by other treatments such as surgery, chemotherapy etc. It involves the use of high doses of radiation administered through the skin or internally via pellets. This treatment is generally painless but it can lead to many side effects that are quite uncomfortable even though they are temporary.

The side effects of cancer radiation vary from person to person and also according to the area that is being treated. Knowing how to deal with the side effects can dramatically improve the quality of the patient’s life.

Skin problems: Skin should never be scratched even though it may become itchy and sore because if it is broken then infections can occur. Products that contain artificial chemicals should be avoided at all costs. The skin should be handled gently and exposure to hot water, direct sunlight, rough clothes etc. should be limited to the greatest extent possible.

Cancer Radiation

Fatigue: The day should be planned so that work is done in small installments and there are plenty of rest breaks. Help should be requested from friends and family members so that the overall workload reduces somewhat. Yoga and meditation help reduce fatigue considerably.

Nausea: Meals should be small and should not be rich. They should also be taken at moderate temperatures. The patent should work out the most suitable dietary schedule based upon his or her personal experiences.

Diarrhea: Here too, meals should be small and light. Plenty of water should be consumed. Foods that are oily, spicy or overly sweet should be avoided, as should foods that are heavy in fiber. The anal area should be cleaned with baby wipes in order to prevent soreness.

Hair loss: This generally happens only to the area that gets radiation treatment directly. Most patients prepare for it by buying wigs so that they can disguise a bald head.

Mouth sores: The mouth should be kept clean at all times, but only soft toothbrushes should be used or else there is a chance of damaging the tender skin. Frequent sips of water help keep the area moist. Doctors also prescribe medicines that increase the production of saliva. Food should be easy to chew.

It is very important for the patient to have a detailed discussion with his or her caregiver regarding cancer radiation side effects so that discomfort can be kept to the absolute minimum.

Oncologist Hematologist – Specialized In Treating Blood Cancers

An oncologist hematologist is a specialist in the field of blood diseases, especially cancers. An oncologist is someone who is a specialist in cancer whereas a hematologist studies blood diseases. The new field of oncology hematology exists at the intersection of both fields and it is therefore filled with a great deal of potential.

A physician who has specialization in both these areas generally focuses on various cancers such as leukemias as well as Hodgkins and non-Hodgkins lymphomas; nevertheless, he or she is also interested in other diseases of the blood. They include anemia, thalassemia and hemophilia etc.

An oncologist hematologist is a specialist who is qualified to diagnose and treat a variety of lethal diseases of the blood and also to recommend measures to prevent them from happening. Research into these diseases also comes into the ambit of this physician. The increasing interest in the field of stem cell transplantation has also brought this specialized area into added prominence these days. Many cancers also result in diseases of the blood. They are best treated by a specialist who has detailed understanding of both fields.

Oncologist Hematologist

This physician is not often called on treat cancers that require the patient to be operated upon. For instance, he or she will not be asked for a diagnosis or treatment of breast or stomach cancer (just to name two cancers) because they involve surgery as part of the treatment. Even so, a hem-onc specialist might be called in to oversee the management of tumors caused due to cancer.

A person who wishes to specialize as an oncologist hematologist will find that some of the top medical schools offer this specialization for study. Its growing importance is demonstrated by the fact that some of the most famous cancer hospitals in the world offer fellowship programs in this subject. As a matter of fact, there is great demand for specialists in this field thanks to the increasing demand for high quality and specialized medical treatment. It goes without saying that this is a highly lucrative field. This means that the best and brightest physicians are joining it.

Any person who suffers from blood cancer or any other serious diseases of the blood will greatly benefit from consulting a specialist in oncology hematology. This person will be able to give a very unique insight into the disease that a general oncologist will not be able to offer.

Breast Cancer Radiation Treatment – Highly Uncomfortable Yet Effective

Most people who suffer from breast cancer have to undergo radiation therapy in addition to surgery in order to treat their disease. As a matter of fact, doctors believe that breast cancer radiation therapy is absolutely essential for a better chance of a full cure. According to most estimates, it is possible to reduce the recurrence of this cancer by a whopping 70% simply by undergoing radiation therapy. However, it has to be admitted that this treatment involves quite a high level of discomfort. It is therefore feared by most cancer patients even though the side effects cannot be likened to radiation sickness.

The fact is that breast cancer radiation therapy is extremely necessary in most instances. It involves the use of a beam of high energy that targets the cancer cells, damaging or killing them. Surgery generally gets rid of most of the cancer cells within a reasonable amount of time. However, stray cells still manage to survive the surgery and they remain in the body. These cells generally lead to the cancer starting up all over again, either in the original area or in an entirely different part of the body.

Breast Cancer Radiation
Radiation is generally delivered by one of two ways. The most common one is via a machine that sends radiation into the affected area. The other delivery method uses pieces of material that give out radiation from inside the body. It is true that the radiation damages normal cells as well. However, they are able to repair themselves quickly, thereby enabling them to survive.

The discomfort associated with radiation occurs after the treatment and not during it. In addition, women who have large breasts tend to suffer more from the side effects of radiation therapy, as do women who have fair skin. Many doctors also recommend chemotherapy along with this treatment, and this too increases the discomfort experienced by the patient.
Overall, breast cancer radiation treatment is highly recommended even though the person has already had a lumpectomy. There are many things that the patient can do to bring down the level of discomfort. It is also very important to ensure that blisters and peeling skin get treatment in order to prevent the area from getting infected. The right nutrition is also very necessary. In addition, it is crucial to maintain a positive attitude when getting treatment and not to have unnecessary fears that the treatment is more dangerous than the disease.

Treatments for Cancer – A Deep Thought on It

Cancer is referred to be the uninhibited growth of the unusual cells present in one’s own body. The other name given to cancerous growth or cells is malignant cells. There are different types of cancer and the most popular ones are colon cancer, breast cancer and lung cancer. The severity of each depends greatly on the diet pattern differing from one country to another. First the diagnosis is done before treatment is carried forward. A few of the most general tests done including blood tests, biopsy, chest x-ray, bone marrow biopsy, CT scan, complete blood count and MRI scan.

Diagnosis yields positive results mostly while doing biopsy after which the exact location is figured out through CT scan that also determines the size and severity of the tumor. It is significant to talk with the doctor before proceeding about the cancer treatment and all that a patient must know about. There are several treatment options known today but each of it has its own benefits and risks related to it. Therefore, it is highly advised to talk with the doctor about the best and the most affordable treatments for cancer that can help you get out of this fatal condition.

When it comes to treatment, the stage of the illness plays a major role in determine which one to carry out. Here you can find a few treatment options progress depending on the stage and spread.

Treatments For Cancer

  • Surgery is the most common approach for cancer if and only if it is confined to a particular place without extending its growth to other parts of the body. Colon, breast, lung and skin cancers are mostly cured by surgery.
  • If local lymph nodes are affected by the spread of tumor, the surgical approach can remove the same.
  • If surgery doesn’t leave an option to cure the condition, the other choices are chemotherapy, radiation and at times both are essential. In other cases, a triple combination of chemotherapy, radiation and surgery becomes a necessity.
  • In case of lymphoma where the lymph glands are affected surgery does not provide a good solution. Instead, radiation and chemotherapy are greatly preferred options that have yield great results.

Along with all the above treatments for cancer, the most important part is to keep up with your strength so that you are never let down in anyway. Try to be as happy as possible and stay positive to fight this dreadful disease. Usually what happens is that people lose their hope and they start thinking negative and about death thus making the condition worst. Believe in your treatment and strive to come out of this stressful condition happily and successfully.